Hematology deals with the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of blood, bone marrow, lymph glands, spleen, and vascular system. Medical oncology deals with the diagnosis and treatment of neoplastic disease.
Historically, hematology and oncology were one specialty, sharing areas of interest and activity, such as hematologic malignancies (leukemias and lymphomas). They are combined in most fellowship programs today and there are only a few hematology fellowships in existence. However, it is possible to seek Board-certification in only hematology today.
Advocating for this career pathway, the American Society of Hematology has developed a separate website, Why Choose Hematology?
Is this specialty right for you?
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American Society of Clinical Oncology
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